ECR 2013 Rec: Increased regional grey matter volume in Parkinson’s disease patients with excessive daytime sleepiness: an MRI study #B0406 #SS611
B-0406 Increased regional grey matter volume in Parkinson’s disease patients with excessive daytime sleepiness: an MRI study
L.C. Tzarouchi, M. Chondrogiorgi, A. Zikou, P. Kosta, M.I. Argyropoulou, S. Konitsiotis | Friday, March 8, 14:00 – 15:30 / Room B
Purpose: Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) is an important non-motor symptom of Parkinson’s disease (PD). The underlying neuropathological mechanism accounting for EDS is not well understood. The purpose of the present study was to determine regional grey matter (GM) volume changes in PD patients with EDS.
Methods and Materials: Seventeen PD patients with EDS (Epworth Sleepiness Scale ESS ≥ 12) (EDS-PD), 17 age and disease duration-matched PD patients (Epworth Sleepiness Scale ESS ≤ 6) and 17 age-matched healthy controls were enrolled in the study. The χ2 and Student’s t tests were used to test for differences in demographic and clinical characteristics between groups. Differences in GM volume between groups were evaluated by applying the voxel-based morphometry (VBM) method.
Results: Total calculated levodopa equivalent dose was higher in EDS-PD when compared to PD patients (p<0.05). Comparison of EDS-PD with PD patients and controls showed increased GM volume bilaterally in the hippocampus, the parahippocampal gyrus, the fusiform gyrus and in cortical areas in the temporal, frontal and parietal lobes (p<0.001).
Conclusion: EDS-PD patients present increased regional GM volume in the mesolimbic/mesocortical dopamine pathway, which is activated during sleep. Drug-induced GM volume increase through a process of neuronal plasticity may represent the underlying mechanism.