Caceres’ Corner: Case No.9 (Update: Solution)

Dear friends,

Here is an easy case to facilitate the transition into the new year.

Sixty-seven year old lady with dyspnea for about a month. Previous history of bronchiectasis.


1. Infected bronchiectasis
2. Pulmonary embolism
3. Bonchioloalveolar carcinoma
4. Pleural disease

67 year old female, PA chest

67 year old female, PA chest

67 year old female, lateral chest

67 year old female, lateral chest

Click here for the answer to case #9

Be Sociable, Share!
    Jan 2012
    DISCUSSION 16 Comments

    16 Responses to : Caceres’ Corner: Case No.9 (Update: Solution)

    1. Giacomo Bertacchi says:

      Is it “really” easy? Bronchiectasis are clearly visible on the left in the frontal view, along with a blunted left posterior CF angle in the lateral one. Acinar opacities and peribronchial cuffing coexist on the same side. No adenopathies. No visible bony mets. Tracheal deviation noted. Hyperlucency w/o obvious hilar abnormalities. I would choose the answer #1: acute on chronic inflammatory process (infected bronchiectasis).

    2. Donka Stoyanova says:

      Happy New Year!

      Bonchioloalveolar carcinoma.

    3. Livia says:

      Bonchioloalveolar carcinoma

    4. Nikhil M says:

      Infected Bronchiectasis

    5. o s alnuaimi says:

      in addition to the bronchiectesis on the left there are signs of pleural disease and thickening
      -on frontal veiw :
      left lateral thick plura with some longitudinally oriented lines with a degree of over all decrease translucency on the lower 1/2 of left thorax
      doubling of the left cardiac shadow (mediastinal pleura)with possibil adherence to pericardium
      – on lateral veiw :
      posterior longitudinal line
      obliteration of posterior costodiafragmatic angle .
      but still thinking of some signs of fibrosis and pulmonary volume loss in the left pulmonary base which may be secundary to br. alv. cancer
      so my choise is between 3 and 4 .
      happy new yr

    6. Gyan M says:

      Hi all,
      Ok let me attempt…
      67 year old lady with complaint of dyspnea since 1 month.

      Infected bronchiectasis is ruled out by history as infected bronchiectasis has to have presence of fever and cough with expectoration (since the bronchiectasis is in the lower lobe) also.

      Coming to next option of Pulmonary embolism – dyspnea in absence of chest pain, less likely but possible. Especially when pleural disease is present as many a times the only presentation is minimal pleural effusion which on tapping is hemorrhagic.

      Bronchoalveolar carcinoma, the only favouring feature is her old age. The trachea seems to be shifted to the right but also there is right posterior oblique rotation of the patient. So commenting on mediastinal adenopathy seems to be difficult however apparent mediastinal widening is not present nor any sign of malignancy like rib destruction.

      Next option, pleural disease is definitely present. I can appreciate the blunting of posterior cp angle.

      So my answer would be option 4(pleural disease) followed by option 2(pulmonary embolism).

    7. Marius says:

      Happy new year ! Here’s what i see: left sided bronchiectasis; small left pleural effusion; mediastinal shift to the right; no gastric air bubble; some lucent bands (air tracks) in the mediastinum -paratracheal (mostly left side), retrosternal and doubling the left inferior arc; retrotracheal air band (air stasis in oesophagus?). Can’t figure out a linear band oblique in the middle left pulmonary area descending toward the heart (might mess the whole diagnosis, might just be a parenchymal band in superior lingula). Does the patient has a history of dysphagia? Fever ? Fistula (eso-pleural) maybe secondary to esophageal neoplasm is one dx. Lingular lucency is highly inhomogenous; plus the air trapping (shifting the mediastinum) – those i can’t figure (yet) but awaiting more clues (at list if she has dysphagia / fever).
      Needs CT Thorax-superior abdomen + oral positive contrast media.

    8. amutha says:

      ? 1 & 4

    9. aca says:

      Translucent esophagus in uperr two thirds/presbioesophagus or substenosis distal,extramural compression.
      Compressed and narowed left tracheal wall/precarinal part.
      On lateral chest,i see lobular calciphication in sumation with heart and aorta ascedens…pathology of midlle part of mediastinum i sugest,maybe pericard cist dif.dg. mediastinal pleura or pleuropericard pathology,stigmata TBC maybe,few athesions locoregional…

      Anyway,happy new year and wish you all good eye!!! 🙂

    10. girish kulkarni says:

      -small cystic an reticular opacities involving left mid and lower zones.

      -pleural thickening/effusion on left side suggested by blunting of CP angle and the adjacent opacity.

      left pulmonary process appears chronic;may represent superinfection if clinical/lab values correlate.

      pleural effusion can also result in new onset dyspnoea.

      HRCT chest for furthur evaluation.

      *happy new year to everybody(including the muppet!!)

    11. OANA says:

      Bonchioloalveolar carcinoma

    12. Sarbesh Tiwari says:

      Left sided bronchiectasis with ipsilateral pleural effusion:: Infected bronchiectasis.

      • Jose Caceres says:

        Answer to this case will be posted shortly. Some of you already made the right diagnosis. Final comment: of the four answers there is one which cannot be challenged. Which one?

    13. rvinay says:

      ii suppose it to be infective bronchoectasis…